Search
  • ngosarthiindia

SPECIAL EDUCATION

Updated: Jul 7, 2021



“Every child is a different kind of flower , all of them together make this WORLD a beautiful GARDEN”


Special Education is that component of Education which involves special instructions, methodology (Remedial Instruction), instructional material, learning aids and equipment to meet educational needs of the children with academic and socio-emotional challenges.

The main goal of Special Education is to provide equal opportunities, full participation, independent living and economic stability to disabled children. Some of the most common special needs that young children are diagnosed with are: speech or language delays, Autism Spectrum Disorder, cognitive delays, social and emotional disorders, and learning differences/disabilities.





PURPOSE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION


Special Education serves a sheer variety of purposes such as:-


PREVENTION, if a person with differences or disabilities is diagnosed at a young age, it is easier to prevent him from further damages. Prevention is designed to bridge the learning gaps from becoming a disability.


REMEDIAL or an attempt to reduce the effects of disability.


COMPENSATORY It enables successful functioning despite disability.


SPECIAL EDUCATION- It is individually planned as every child is unique. Besides, It is goal-directed and intensive.



IDENTIFYING A CHILD WITH SPECIAL NEEDS


  • Low sense of Self-Esteem

  • Gaps in Learning

  • Difficulty in Decision-making

  • Short Attention span

  • Weak Communication


THE 13 CATEGORIES OF SPECIAL EDUCATION UNDER IDEA

  • Autism

  • Deaf-Blindness

  • Deafness

  • Emotional Disturbance

  • Hearing Impairment

  • Intellectual Disability

  • Multiple Disabilities

  • Orthopaedic Impairment

  • Other Health Impairment

  • Specific Learning Disability

  • Speech or Language Impairment

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Visual Impairment Including Blindness

THE BASICS OF SPECIAL EDUCATION PROCESS UNDER IDEA

  • STEP 1 :- Child needs individual assistance in academics or special instruction

  • STEP 2 :- Child is referred for evaluation

  • STEP 3 :- Eligibility is decided


  • STEP 4 :- Child is found eligible for services


  • STEP 5 :- Child is referred to a Clinical Psychologist or any mental Health professional


  • STEP 6 :- Formal Assessment is done by a Clinical Psychologist


  • STEP 7 :- The psycho educational report is shared with family and school


  • STEP 8 :- The special educator develops the I.E.P or Individualized Education Program and goals with parents or services are discussed.


  • STEP 9 :- Process and progress is measured and communicated with school


  • STEP 10 :- A revised I.E.P is kept to keep in mind progress and shortcomings.


WHAT CAN YOU DO AT YOUR END

  • Be Kind and Compassionate with these children

  • Help them in whatever way you could

  • Don’t make fun of them

  • Behave normally with them

  • Try to interact with them in a friendly manner

I really hope you found my blog helpful. Thank you very much for reading this out.


Author- Disha Taneja

About the Author:- Disha Taneja is a student of Class 12. Besides, she is a psychology enthusiast and a video creator.



50 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All